Have you ever thought of growing tissues that would one day perform the functions of human liver? If the answer is no then you are wrong. What was once considered tough is now made possible by three scientists of Bengaluru. These scientists have developed tissues that can perform the work of human liver. This had brought cheers to many who require artificial extracorporeal Liver support or Liver dialysis or those who require Liver tissues from the donors.
This amazing invention was brought about by scientists Arun Chandru, Dr Abdullah Chand and Dr T. Sivarajan of Pandorum Technologies Pvt ltd. It must be noted that this firm is a biotechnology based that deals with tissue engineering. The seeds for this new invention were sowed way back in 2009 itself. Grant from Department of Biotechnology, ministry of science and technology was given to this Bengaluru based Bio-Technology firm only in the year 2012. It was said that this tissue developed would serve as a platform so that drugs with greater efficiency with less side effects could be developed later on.
It is said that this tissue could replace liver thereby making once complex Liver transplants to be performed easily. Cells from live human liver were taken and encapsulated in a hydrogel. Indian made 3D printers are used and the cells taken are bio printed as mini livers. It must be noted that the encapsulated cells are made to grow in an environment which is similar to the conditions inside the human body where Liver flourishes.
It seems that these artificially developed tissue cells resemble human liver tissue cells and they would be capable of doing functions like producing albumin, fibrinogen, ferritin, urea. Apart from these uses these tissues are also capable of secreting enzymes for metabolism. It must be noted that at present Liver transplant costs 20 lakh and by this process medical costs could be reduced to 20%. It is said that at present 10 million cells are printed that could go up to 1 billion by 2020. As per the latest news this Pandorum Technologies is aiming to produce human organs like kidney, liver, lungs, and pancreas .Great days ahead!!
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