Environmental safety and proper ecology is essential for our future generation. In the modern age we have developed quite a lot both culturally and technologically. India is progressed so much and there have been growth in several industries all over the country. Advancements in areas of science and economy are the reasons India is moving forward in the world right now. However we as a country have had to pay a high price for industrial development. We have lost our forests which has led environmental hazards in the name of growth. There have been very few voices which have taken a stand for the environment.
Sunderlal Bahuguna is one of the rare brave ones who protect our forests. He is the founder of Chipko moment a non-violent form of protest to save trees and forests. Born in 1927 Maroda near Tehri, Uttarakhand he has always led moments against injustices in the country. He was an activist against untouchability and anti-liquor movements. Chipko in hindi means to stick in this movement people hug or stick to frees that are being cut to prevent them from being cut.
The movement was started impulsively in 1973 in Uttar Pradesh, to prevent forest contracters from cutting the forest trees. The slogan of the movement was “Ecology is permanent economy.” He was also the one who bought the movement importance by undertaking a 5,000 kilometer trans-Himalaya march and meeting with then prime minister Indra Gandhi. He was also involved in Anti Tehri Dam protests for which he used Gandhi Ji’s methods of sathyagraha and went on hunger strikes.
He is a passionate advocate for the unfortunate and fought for the plight of hill people. For his work for the people he was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 2009 which is the highest civilian honor in India.
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