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Lumpy Virus in Cattle: Skin Disease outbreak in Cattle 

If any such incidence of lumpy skin disease is recorded in any of the 24 districts, the animal husbandry department has advised them to provide samples to help stop the disease’s spread.

India has been devastated by the lumpy skin condition. More than ten Indian states have already been affected by the disease, which primarily affects cattle. According to reports, it has already claimed 75,000 livestock nationwide.

Deer, buffaloes, and cows are the main targets of the virus. A viral illness known as lumpy skin disease is spread by ticks or other insects that feed on blood. such as some types of flies, mosquitoes, and ticks. It can result in the death of the cattle and produces fever and skin nodules.

An infectious viral disease known as lumpy skin disease infects cattle. And is transmitted through direct contact with mosquitoes, flies, lice, wasps. And other flying insects as well as tainted food and water. It cannot be transmitted from livestock to people.

Lumpy Virus

Virus Outbreaks in Delhi, Rajasthan, and M.P

The disease has reportedly expanded to Gujarat, Rajasthan, Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, and Andhra Pradesh, according to the Centre.

Delhi, The national capital, which has more than 80,000 cattle, has at least 531 cases of lumpy skin disease. Officials say that 325 of these are on-going cases. They claimed that the vaccination drive will soon start in the nation’s capital. And that all vaccine doses would be provided at no cost.

The Uttarkashi strain of the goat pox virus will be used in the vaccine. Which will be administered to healthy cattle within a 5-km radius of the affected areas, according to the officials.

Madhya Pradesh, In Madhya Pradesh, where a total of 7,686 instances of lumpy skin disease were reported, the lumpy virus caused as many as 101 animals to pass away.

The vaccination of livestock will be provided free of charge. according to Shivraj Singh Chouhan. the chief minister of Madhya Pradesh. who announced this during a meeting on Wednesday to assess the situation. He further instructed the relevant authorities to control the spread by limiting the entry of cattle. from neighboring states and forbidding the organization of any fairs for the sale or purchase of animals until the situation returns to normal.

Chhattisgarh, Although no cases of lumpy skin disease have been identified in the state, necessary preventive measures are being implemented, such as immunization of cattle, according to officials. After the lumpy skin condition was found in Rajasthan, Gujarat, and other states, the director of veterinary services, Chhattisgarh, issued instructions for officials to remain vigilant in the first week of August.

Is it Safe to Consume milk?

According to reports, although animals can be healed of Lumpy, the virus may still harm their milk. Lumpy skin disease, on the other hand, is a non-zoonotic infection that cannot be spread from animals to people. As a result, there is no risk to people from consuming meat or drinking milk from animals that do not exhibit Lumpy signs.

Milk from sick cattle can be consumed without concern. According to Joint Director Ashok Kumar Mohanty of the Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI). There is no difference in the quality of milk whether it has been boiled or not.

However, he continued, milk production in diseased cattle is impacted depending on the disease’s severity and the animal’s immunity level.

“Cattle that are affected develop nodules, have fevers, and other signs that make them feeble. This harms milk output. The animal’s entire bodily system is impacted as it approaches death “explained he.

Symptoms of Lumpy Virus

High fever, decreased milk supply, skin nodules, appetite loss, increased nasal discharge, and watery eyes are just a few of the symptoms.

Lumpy Virus Treatment 

On August 10, Union Minister for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Narendra Singh Tomar introduced the indigenous vaccine Lumpi-ProVac to prevent livestock from Lumpy skin disease, offering relief to the nation’s livestock.

The National Equine Research Centre in Hisar, Haryana, and the Indian Veterinary 

Research Institute in Izzatnagar worked together to develop the vaccine (Bareilly).

All states should approach the vaccine trial as if it were a war. This issue is significant, especially in Rajasthan, and the national government is ready to work with anyone on it, he said.